What is Load testing in software testing? Examples,How To Do,Importance, Differences

Additionally, they are much easier to use than free tools, and provide an unmatched level of functionality. Load testing is a subset of performance testing used for software, websites, applications, and related systems. It is a non-functional test that simulates the behavior of multiple users accessing the system simultaneously.

So many ways exist to do this that it is outside the scope of this chapter. However, let’s assume you do have some sort of ability to make requests to your IIS 7.0 server. Preparing for the inevitable is a sign of maturity in a technical organization. Stress testing not only makes your system more reliable but also decreases the stress level of your Ops and Dev teams.

Performance testing metrics

Load Testing ensures that your application can perform as expected in production. Just because your application will pass a functional test, this does not mean that it can perform the same under a load. Load testing identifies where and when your application breaks, so you can fix the issue before shipping to production.

What is load testing with example

In some secure applications a “no script” testing is also performed wherein the JavaScript is disabled and the application behavior is tested. The point of the recovery stage is to determine if the system can serve requests once the load decreases to a normal level. If you are testing auto-scaling, you may want to scale down in steps as well to determine if down-scaling is working as you expect it to. The performance testing life cycle begins while a website or application is still in development.

How to perform Stress Testing?

Smoke testing is often carried out during the initial stages of software development. By identifying errors and defects earlier within the cycle, teams can release the software in a more efficient manner and avoid costly (and time-consuming) last-minute defects. Often, load testing is performed right before the release of a new product, a new campaign, a major event, or a system update. Since the goal of load testing is ensuring the website infrastructure can handle an expected number of users, this may not give you enough time for responding to load testing results. For a comprehensive list of load testing tools available in the market, check out our article on Best Load Testing Tools.

What is load testing with example

A common misconception is that load testing software provides record and playback capabilities like regression testing tools. Load testing tools analyze the entire OSI protocol stack whereas most regression testing tools focus on GUI performance. For example, a regression testing tool will record and playback a mouse click on a button on a web browser, but a load testing tool will send out hypertext the web browser sends after the user clicks the button. In a multiple-user environment, load testing tools can send out hypertext for multiple users with each user having a unique login ID, password, etc. The goal of performance testing is to identify and nullify the performance bottlenecks in software applications, helping to ensure software quality.

Load Focus

This type of test helps developers determine how many users an application or system can handle before that app or system goes live. Additionally, a developer can load test-specific functionalities of an application, such as a checkout cart on a webpage. A team can include load testing as part of acontinuous integration process, in which they immediately test changes to a codebase through load test definition the use of automation tools, such asJenkins. For example, all client-side applications should go through various tests to determine their limits and assist with improving the user experience. If application performance issues go undetected in the production environment, the cost, time, and resources involved to have to go back and try to determine where the issues lie can be steep.

What is load testing with example

More advanced tests may perform a series of steps on the website, such as clicking on key elements, buttons and fields and navigating through the site. Today’s applications are built with multiple technologies, relying on vast networks of third-party providers and CDNs. Additionally, end users can access your site or applications from anywhere in the world using different browsers, operating systems, and mobile devices, all with varying connection speeds. Response times, quality, and availability are critical factors that should be assessed before pushing applications into production.

Apache Jmeter

Load testing enhances the sustainability of the system or software application. To find out the total count of users that can access the application at the same time. Performance results shown requests and responses – doesn’t show end user experience. Load testing is especially important if the application, system, or service will be subject to a service level agreement or SLA. See for yourself how you can easily build, scale, analyze, and automate performance tests. The main metric is whether the scaling out is proportional to the applied load.

What is load testing with example

Performing spike tests before a high number of simultaneous users hit a website or app can identify the bottlenecks that could cause the site or app to slow or crash. Spike testing can also give insight on how a program or app responds between spikes of activity. This is where the LoadView platform sets itself apart from other tools. Additionally, the platform can quickly spin up multiple cloud locations for assessing performance through specific geographic locations.

Examples of load testing

Capacity testing looks at whether a software application or environment can handle the amount of traffic it was specifically designed to handle. Load test can be done with end-to-end IT systems or smaller components like database servers or firewalls. It measures the speed or capacity of the system or component through transaction response time. When the system components dramatically extend response times or become unstable, the system is likely to have reached its maximum operating capacity. When this happens, the bottlenecks should be identified and solutions provided. Using the various load testing tools, we can ensure to deliver a quality product that cannot crash while maximum numbers of users using it simultaneously.

  • All of these are types of non-functional testing that are not part of functionality testing used to validate suitability for use of any given software.
  • Slow response times can signal hardware limitations, so part of the load testing process includes monitoring CPU usage, available RAM, disk I/O, and similar hardware-based functions.
  • However, agile testing has limitations regarding the end-user experience in a multi-user system.
  • Many software development tools, like Microsoft Visual Studio Team Foundation Server, also contain components used for performing automated testing.
  • Spike tests help determine if a system can handle an abrupt, drastic workload increase over a short period of time, repeatedly.
  • This is the good website for increase the testing knowledge,to making a good position in any environment.
  • Just because your application will pass a functional test, this does not mean that it can perform the same under a load.

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